Primary Sources

First appearing in 1893, the quarterly periodical Borderland was published and edited by noted journalist William Thomas Stead.  Stead, a one-time skeptic of the paranormal, turned to spiritualism in the 1890s and sought to create, in Borderland, a periodical about the paranormal for both the general public and believers.

Before publishing this first issue of Borderland, Stead contacted a wide range of notable people of the day—including clergy, psychical researchers, scientists, academics, fellow journalists, and many others—to ask their opinion about the need for such a periodical.  The fascinating responses are located in section III, pages 10-23.